The evolution of mankind is characterised by the constant battle between righteousness and truth verses ignorance and illusion. Ten great masters are associated this struggle, and despite coming from different eras, cultures and geographic locations, their qualities shine as an example to all people and are still relevant today.
Raja Janaka (India c. 8000 BC), the King of Mithila was revered for his detachment. Abraham (Israel c. 2000 BC), is honoured in Judaism and Islam for his quality of faith, commitment and patience. Zarathustra (Persia c. 1000BC) emphasised the exercise of good thoughts, words and deeds, while Moses (Egypt c. 1250BC), who is recognised as a great prophet in Judaism, Chrisitanity and Islam delivered the Ten commandments.
Lao-Tse (China b. 604 BC), the founder of Taoism spoke of oneness with nature and the inner self, while Confucius (China b. 549 BC) taught ethics, morality, and the value of social relationships, justice and sincerity. Socrates (Greece b. 431 BC) is considered the founder of logic, and Mohammed (Arabia d. 632 AD), the founder of Islam, delivered the words of the Quran.
Guru Nanak (India b. 1469 AD), the founder of Sikhism, brought the message of equality and brotherhood of man, and Sai Baba of Shirdi (India c. 1840 – 1918 AD) tried to reconcile Hinduism and Islam, teaching about love, forgiveness, charity, and inner peace. The teachings of each of these masters can serve as a guide for us to establish our own guru principle and master ourselves.